The plateau was separated from the Filain and Pargny-Filain area, on the east of the French attack front, by a valley into which the eastern or Bois de la Garenne gully opened, just south of Chavignon. On 25 May, three German columns attacked a salient north-west of Bray-en-Laonnois and gained a footing in the French first trench, before being forced out by a counter-attack. [6] The First Army attacked from Ecurie north of the Scarpe to Vimy Ridge, which fell at about 1:00 p.m., in a 4,000 yd (2.3 mi; 3.7 km) advance. Sie liegt im Norden der Region Île de France auf dem in beiden Weltkriegen stark umkämpften Höhenzug Chemin des Dames im Département Aisne beim ehemaligen Fort de la Malmaison [44] The Allemant plateau, the Mont des Singes spur and the spur above Pinon, the Malmaison plateau with the fort at its centre and the northern slopes to the edge of the valley of the Ailette, had been captured. On the eastern flank of the attack front, the bombardment of the 5th Guard Division was less damaging but a local attack, Operation Autumn Harvest was cancelled. Much of the narrative is derived from the translation of a French original, in which the French custom of describing events from left to right was observed. Gondreville | Verdun | Already tagged. [19], Super-heavy siege artillery was necessary to pierce the roofs of the caverns on the Chemin-des-Dames and Pétain provided several batteries of 380 mm (15 in) and 410 mm (16 in) guns, which fired non-explosive shells with armour-piercing points, capable of penetrating the roofs of the tunnels. The 38th Division crossed the Pargny-Filain–Chavignon road at the same time and attacked Many Farm. [14] On 31 August, a French party north-east of Craonne, wrecked 180 m (200 yd) of German trench south-east of Corbeny and returned with twelve prisoners. Liouville | Müller had taken precautions against a retreat and French air reconnaissance reported that fruit trees and farms in the Ailette valley were being destroyed and artillery was being moved to the high ground about Monampteuil, to enfilade the French if they took the west end of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge and descended towards the Ailette. [32] During the advance, the French would have to pass the subterranean quarries near Les Bovettes, the Tonnerre Quarry and across the crest, where the French could be engaged by the German artillery on the Monampteuil Heights. The extension of the northern face of the salient from Vauxaillon to Craonne and Berry-au-Bac, beyond the Chemin-des-Dames ridge to the left bank of the Ailette during the Battle of Malmaison, caused Ludendorff to hold back Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz (Army Group German Crown Prince), until Allied reserves had been shifted west and north of Soissons. Despite the French holding improvised defences and the huge volume of German artillery-fire used to prepare attacks, the German methodical counter-attacks (Gegenangriffe) met with little success and at Chevreux north-east of Craonne, the French advanced further into the Laon Plain. Jahrhundert zum ersten Mal als königliche Villa (eines … The 13th and 43rd divisions of XXI Corps and the 38th Division advanced simultaneously down the Malmaison heights, with tank support on the flanks, towards the edge of the plain south of the Ailette. La Malmaison település Franciaországban, Aisne megyében.Lakosainak száma 410 fő (2017. január 1.). A wheeling manoeuvre so close to the Germans was hazardous and made worse by the narrowness of no man's land in this area, which prevented French from bombarding the German defences with super-heavy artillery; on 23 October, many of the trenches, barbed-wire entanglements and machine-gun nests remained intact. On the morning of 1 June, after an extensive bombardment, German troops took some trenches north of Laffaux Mill and were then pushed out by a counter-attack in the afternoon. Mai 1918 noch einmal in die Hände der Deutschen (7. [14], For most of September, artillery duels and raids by both sides took place from Vauxaillon to Craonne. Bronzene 15-cm-Mörser aus den Jahren 1838 zum Verschießen von kugelförmigen Bomben, die mit Schwarzpulver gefüllt waren. Abri de combat | The Germans fled across the Ailette or into Pinon and the Pinon forest. By 9:00 a.m., the division had advanced between Fanion Trench, the east end of the German second position and Lützen Trench. Bois de Veau was entered but the division was not able to advance down the slopes to Pargny-Filain. Because of the shortage of troops, the front-holding divisions had to change places with the Eingreif divisions, rather than be withdrawn to recuperate. Das Fort de la Malmaison (kurzzeitig auch Fort Dumas genannt) in der Gemeinde Chavignon (Département Aisne) war ein Sperrfort des Système Séré de Rivières, das zwischen 1878 und 1882 erbaut wurde. Das Schloss Malmaison. Ferdinand Grohs wurde am 18.09.1917 in Weibern – Brohl geboren. Enable Map. [13] By 30 August, the strength of each company of the German battalion holding the captured ground had been reduced to 40–50 men. Die Geschütze waren auf den Geschützplacements aufgestellt, die durch Hohltraversen getrennt waren. Explore Fort de la Malmaison in La Malmaison, France as it appears on Google Maps and Bing Maps as well as pictures, stories and other notable nearby locations on [60], The official historians of the Reichsarchiv wrote that the German defence had been outnumbered threefold in artillery, which had prepared the attack with almost unlimited ammunition. On the western flank, the Vauxaillon valley ran along most of the western and eastern slopes of the ridge and plateau above Laffaux. Four attacks on the Hurtebise Spur were made on 3 September, by three waves of German infantry which failed to penetrate the French covering barrage. French aeroplanes flew overhead, attacked German infantry and bombed trenches, roads and bridges. After the four-day bombardment was extended by two more days because of bad weather, the French XIV, XXI and XI corps of the Sixth Army, attacked on a 12.1 km (7.5 mi) front with six divisions. En 1886, il était armé de 37 canons. Le vendredi 25, l’Ailette est atteinte au nord de Pargny et de Filain. 1 April 2004, 07:09 AM. The garrisons changed position but rarely found a spot not under bombardment. Already tagged. Infernet | The French attack was faced by 31/2 front holding divisions, backed by two depleted Eingreif divisions, since part of the 9th Division remained with Group Liesse further east.[29]. [36], In the centre, XXI Corps crossed the Soissons–Laon road, entered the German second position and then captured Malmaison Farm by 6:00 a.m., which secured the right flank of the XIV Corps, since the farm was level with Allemant. Gebirgsjägerbataillon) besetzt. At 1:00 p.m., reconnaissance flights revealed that the French had dug in at some points. Armee), wurde dann aber endgültig am 28. Fifteen tanks were immobilised crossing no man's land or in the German front line but the 21 remaining tanks and the infantry reached the German second position according to plan. The photograph may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. [46], On 25 October, the new front line ran from Vauxaillon, north of Mont des Singes, to the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne near Anizy, then north of Pinon and Rosay forests, south-eastwards to the west end of the Bassin d'alimentation, up to the Chemin-des-Dames ridge east of Pargny-Filain and Filain. [24], On 15 September, the 7th Army had c. 168 aircraft against 300 French but the Army Group headquarters delayed the dispatch of more air units until mid-October, having expected attacks elsewhere and had also reinforced the Flanders front. Villey-le-Sec, Annexe: For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for La Malmaison . Ouvrage d’infanterie | Guérite blindée | If successful, the centre of the Sixth Army would be in a salient but west of Vaudesson a deep ravine from north of Laffaux Mill to the east of Pinon, commanded from the west by the 27th Division in Giraffe Trench, would protect the left flank of XXI Corps from counter-attacks. Positions held by the 14th Division in Group Crépy and those of the 13th Division and 2nd Guard Division in Group Vailly were quickly reduced to crater-fields. Mont Bart | Meyzieu | Vaux | At Filain, part of the élite Konigin Elizabeth Guard Regiment surrendered, having had no food for three days. October 2nd 2008 Thursday 2 October 2008 Plan was to go across country quickly from Compiegne to Reims. Châtillon | [50], On the extreme flanks of the attack front, the French limited their operations to artillery-fire and probing attacks and in the late afternoon, French artillery-fire diminished. On the right flank, the élite 4th Zouaves had been detailed to take Fort de la Malmaison; from 3:00 a.m. they had been bombarded by German heavy artillery, which caused many casualties. [25], Caves and tunnels had been used by the Germans as shelters for reserves, to reinforce the trench garrisons in the network of trenches running from the Ailette valley, over the Soissons–Laon railway, up the western slopes of the Mont des Singes, east of Vauxaillon and along the summit of the plateau above Laffaux, to the Laffaux Mill on the Laon–Soissons road. In 2014, William Philpott wrote that the Germans suffered casualties of 38,000 killed or missing and 12,000 prisoners, 200 guns and 720 machine-guns, against 14,000 French casualties, fewer than a third of the German total. The night of 23/24 October was quiet and during the day, only minor skirmishing took place, as the French consolidated. [32], A French artillery demonstration was conducted against Group Crépy, on the western face of the salient from 6–7 October in support of British operations in Flanders and on 11 October highly accurate French artillery registration commenced. Ursprünglich wurde es Fort de la Malmaison genannt. [40], The garrison was stalked through the ruins and quickly overrun. [50], On 25 October, the French attacked again and the German troops made a fighting withdrawal to the Ailette and the canal, which had been occupied by the 6th Bavarian Reserve and 6th divisions but few guns could be withdrawn. At about 6:00 a.m., the 31st Chasseur Battalion stormed Malmaison Farm and at 6:45 a.m., the French were established north of the Riegelstellung. [36], On the left of XIV Corps, the 28th Division quickly defeated the Germans in Moisy Farm and the Laffaux Mill at the tip of the salient; then took the intermediate trenches and pillboxes on the summit of Laffaux ridge. Boehn decided to implement the Bunzelwitz Bewegung (Bunzelwitz Manoeuvre) contingency plan, part of the Gudrun Bewegung (Gudrun Manoeuvre) prepared earlier in the year. Insgesamt ruhen auf diesem am 21.08.1965 eingeweihten deutschen Soldatenfriedhof im landschaftlichen Gebiet der Ile de France über 11.841 gefallene Angehörige der ehemaligen deutschen Wehrmacht. [38], At 9:15 a.m., the 13th Division began to descend the northern slopes towards Vaudesson and Bois de la Belle Croix. Home; Places; Europe; France; Picardie; Chavignon; Things To Do In Chavignon; Fort-de-malmaison; Fort-de-malmaison 4.5 13 Votes. September 1918 während der Zweiten Marneschlacht den Franzosen überlassen und vom 28e bataillon de chasseurs alpins (28. Giromagny | [61], The French suffered casualties of 2,241 men killed, 8,162 wounded and 1,460 missing from 23 to 26 October, 10 per cent of the casualties of the attacks during the Nivelle Offensive in April and May. Laon was about 13 km (8 mi) distant and visible at the end of the valley of the Ardon, which joins the Ailette north of Chavignon. Es gehörte zum Gürtel um den Festen Platz Laon. Battalions from specialist German counter-attack divisions (Eingreifdivisionen) had been distributed along the front line and were caught in the French bombardments, German infantry shelters having been identified by French air reconnaissance and systematically destroyed. Fort de la Malmaison (Google Maps). [28][d], Group Vailly, had four divisions between Moisy and La Royère farms and three on the northern slopes of the heights. Oktober 1888 im Kampfwert herabgestuft, 1911 aufgegeben und an eine Privatperson verkauft. Rain began to fall at 6:00 a.m. and the 63 attached Schneider CA1 and Saint-Chamond tanks were impeded by mud and 27 bogged behind the French front line. [32] French artillery barrages on the roads from Laon across the Ailette to the Chemin-des-Dames, made it impossible for ammunition to be carried forward. Douaumont | Außerdem verfügte das Fort über eine Lichtsignalstation zur Verbindung mit den Nachbarwerken. On the extreme right flank near La Royère Farm, the 67th Division made little headway but the 66th Division pushed on to the Panthéon, Orage and Bovettes quarries. Gas from French bombardments on low-lying land near the Oise–Aisne Canal in the Ailette valley, became so dense that it was impossible to carry ammunition and supplies forward or to remove the wounded. There were few pillboxes and tunnels but numerous underground quarries, which had been equipped with ventilation and lighting systems, for ammunition and food storage. [30], The flanking divisions of XXI Corps were then to descend on the final objectives, Vaudesson village, Bois de la Belle Croix, Montparnasse Quarry, the west end of Chavignon village and the Bois des Hoinets, a northern continuation of Bois de la Belle Croix. [41], South of the Pinon–Chavignon road, Pinon and Rosay forests extended to the south bank of the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne. The French guns enfiladed the Ailette valley to the east of the Bassin d'alimentation reservoir, bombarded the German defences on the north slopes of the Chemin-des-Dames ridge and the last strong points holding out on the summit with high-explosive, gas and shrapnel shell. A feeling of impotence spread among the defenders and was made worse when the German artillery was silenced. Along with the usual destructive bombardment, the Ailette valley was deluged with gas shells. Les 21 et 22 seront jours de souvenirs. Corbas | In some places, bypassed garrisons held out in quarry tunnels and machine-gun nests and the last troops of the 14th Division in Allemant were not overrun until 11:00 a.m.[48] On the Soissons–Chavignon road, the 13th Division was only able to withstand the French attack for an hour but to the west of Fort de la Malmaison, the 2nd Guard Division repulsed the attack with massed machine-gun fire; at Malmaison a German artillery battery was overrun in hand-to-hand fighting. Geschichte. Bruley | regards. Baubeginn war der 1. [1] The French offensive began on 16 April 1917, after support from the France Prime Minister, despite the doubts of other politicians, Pétain, Micheler, other senior army commanders and the British. The Chasseurs Alpins and the 67th Division, were to attack part of the neck joining the Malmaison plateau to the Chevrégny Spur, reach the Les Bovettes water-tower and then work down the ravine on the east side of the north of the Malmaison plateau and down the Bovettes ravine to Pargny-Filain, to capture Lützen Trench, Pargny-Filain village and Bois de Veau, in the depression between Fort de la Malmaison and Pargny-Filain. Guns on the Monampteuil heights enfiladed the mouth of the corridor and at the northern end, there was German artillery around the Laon hill. The advance was resumed by the right wing, as the left flank units halted on a line from Vallée Guerbette, to a point 460 m (500 yd) north of Allemant. La Malmaison ist eine französische Gemeinde mit 410 Einwohnern im Département Aisne in der Region Hauts-de-France; sie gehört zum Arrondissement Laon und zum Kanton Guignicourt. At 5:15 a.m., the advance began and only traces of the first two German trenches were found. Bois l’Abbé | Château de Malmaison) in Rueil-Malmaison westlich von Paris war Wohnsitz von Kaiser Napoleon und seiner Frau Joséphine. North-east of Soissons the lively fighting activity, which has lasted for days past, developed to an artillery battle, which, since early yesterday, has continued with only short intervals from the Ailette region as far as Braye. Round the Château de la Motte and to the north, at the strong point of Vallée Guerbette, below the east end of the Mont des Singes plateau, there was also a determined defence. Three divisions were in reserve, the 5th Guards Division around Filain and Pargny-Filain, the 2nd Guards Division on the right supported the 13th Division and the 43rd Reserve Division held the ground between Malmaison and La Royère farms. The French then overran the Tonnerre and Charbon quarries, crossed the Bovettes ravine and ascended the slope from Many Farm to capture Pargny-Filain. May 9, 2014 - FORT de la MALMAISON is a photograph by Granger which was uploaded on December 1st, 2010. The French pressed on and drove the Germans from Bois de la Garenne and the open ground on its right. Ursprünglich wurde es Fort de la Malmaison genannt. On 30 October, a German counter-attack near Cerny was also repulsed. Tillot | The 75th Regiment captured Fruty Quarry and took Mont de Laffaux, ready to attack the village from the south, to take the strong points in it systematically. Pompelle | Planoise | If the attack failed, XIV Corps on the Allemant plateau would be caught in a salient, as would XI Corps on the right at Fort de la Malmaison. The German artillery was outnumbered three-to-one and on the front of the 14th Division, 32 German batteries were confronted by 125 French, which silenced most of the German guns before the attack. Troyon | On 23 October, XXI Corps with the 13th and 43rd divisions, reinforced by several battalions of Chasseurs Alpins, were to drive the German 13th and 43rd divisions and part of the 2nd Guard Division, from the labyrinths on the south-west end of the Malmaison plateau and from Bois des Gobineaux, on the sides of the ravine between the bois and the Allemant Spur. Condé | The Laffaux Salient had been retained despite the risks, because of the confidence of the local commanders in the fortifications and as a jumping-off point for an offensive in 1918. Already tagged. [55] Mont Verdun | The 38th Division also descended the heights and attacked Chavignon. The Montparnasse, Fort de la Malmaison and Bohery excavations, the Fruty Quarry on the edge of the Soissons–Laon road, about 1.6 km (1 mi) east of Laffaux Mill and many other subterranean obstacles faced the Sixth Army. The galleries of Fort de la Malmaison and the interiors of some of the caves were demolished. Der Kern des Forts war von einem Wall, einem Graben mit Escarpen- und Contreescarpenmauer sowie einem Glacis umgeben. Risoux | Bregille | The accuracy French gunnery was exemplary and on 21 October, an observer reported that under direction by an artillery-observation aeroplane, one of the 380 mm (15 in) guns fired five shells consecutively into the same hole. 90. Explore Fort de la Malmaison in La Malmaison, France as it appears on Google Maps as well as pictures, stories and other notable nearby locations on General Erich Ludendorff was told by the 7th Army Chief of Staff Friedrich Graf von der Schulenburg, that the army had no resources left to resist a French attack and was given the 21st and 28th Reserve divisions as reinforcements. Die Vorräte an Lebensmitteln und Munition hätten für eine sechsmonatige Belagerung ausgereicht. Hautes Perches | French patrols from the Vaudesson–Chavignon area brought in more prisoners, which increased the bag beyond 8,000, along with 70 guns, 30 trench mortars and 80 machine-guns. The 43rd Reserve Division and the 9th Division, which was intended mainly to support the left flank adjoining Group Liesse, were in reserve as Eingreif divisions. La Malmaison ist eine französische Gemeinde mit 410 Einwohnern (Stand 1. 1. Bois des Gobineaux, beyond the road on the south side of the Laffaux–Pinon ravine, was captured by the 21st and 20th Chasseur battalions, Vaurains Farm in the western angle of the Soissons–Laon and Pinon roads, was captured with tank support and the east ends of Lizard Trench and Lady Trench were occupied. Berthe to the south of Filain. The German 7th Army (General Max von Boehn) had discovered French preparations for the attack and also identified the date and time. Roppe | Im Ersten Weltkrieg diente er als Obergefreiter und wurde am 05.06.1940 in Contreville, Frankreich getötet. Some of the workings were held by the French, in which the assaulting troops could be kept under cover until the last moment but most of the underground chambers and tunnels from the Ailette, north of Vauxaillon, to the Chevrégny Spur on the Chemin-des-Dames ridge, were still held by the Germans. Januar 1887 über die Umbenennung der Forts, befestigten Artillerieanlagen und Kasernen gemäß dem Vorschlag des Kriegsministers Général Boulanger. [42], The 66th Division was to swing eastwards and form a defensive flank on the east slopes of the plateau, to defend against counter-attacks, while the 38th Division and the XXI Corps divisions on the left, descended from the plateau to the plain of the Ailette. Oktober 1917 an die Franzosen zurück. 49.4611111111113.5225Koordinaten: 49° 27′ 40″ N, 3° 31′ 21″ O, Adelphes | From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Froideterre | Vaudesson village was threatened from the west flank by the 27th Division of XIV Corps, in Lizard Trench and was captured by the 21st Regiment and several tanks, as Bois de la Belle Croix further east was overrun by the 109th Regiment, which took 18 guns and several prisoners. Dort ruhen 11.841 deutsche Gefallene aus dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Camp des romains | La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 9 octobre 2017 à 15:20. [58] The attacks at Verdun in August and at Malmaison were compared with the failures of the Nivelle Offensive and were used to produce L’instruction sur l’action offensive des grands unités dans la bataille (Instruction on Offensive Action of Large Units in Battle [31 October 1917]). [41], At Montparnasse Quarry, which had galleries 0.97 km (0.6 mi) long, the 1st Chasseur Battalion attack continued until the garrison surrendered at 10:30 a.m. and Orme Farm and a quarry to its left, were taken by the 38th Division. Tags. Das Schloss Malmaison (frz. The salient protruded north from the Chemin-des-Dames towards the valley of the upper Ailette, which made the remaining German positions on the crest and the northern slopes of the ridge further east untenable. 91. [57] In four days, the French had advanced 9.7 km (6 mi) and forced the Germans from the plateau of the Chemin des Dames to the north bank of the Ailette valley. Bois d’Oye | [23], Behind the Pinonriegel (Pinon trench) in the south-west corner of the salient near Laffaux, work had begun on a reserve line from Pinon to Vaudesson and on rearward defences behind the Canal de l'Oise a l'Aisne for a possible retirement, known as the Gudrun Bewegung (Gudrun Manoeuvre). Offizielle Ford Homepage – entdecken Sie die neuesten Angebote für Ford PKWs & Nutzfahrzeug, Neuwagen, Gebrauchtwagen, Probefahrten, Konfigurator. A defensive flank was established from Moisy Farm across the plateau, to prevent a counter-attack from the Mont des Singes. In 1914 it was abandoned by the French because of its poor condition. Bruissin | The 13th Division attacked Vaudesson and Bois de la Belle Croix, the 43rd Division advanced towards Montparnasse Quarry and the 38th Division entered the Bois de la Garenne and Orme Farm. [42], The 66th Division and the left hand regiment of the 67th Division, would be exposed to the German batteries on the Monampteuil heights, firing over the Bassin d'alimentation, which fed the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne, when they passed over the crest and began their descent. A German battalion commander captured in Pinon on 25 October, carried conflicting instructions, one ordering him to retire and one to hold on at all costs; similar orders were found on other captured officers. Crèche | On the right flank, in the XI Corps area, the 38th Division would co-operate with the 43rd Division on the right of XXI Corps, to capture the Bohery Quarry, Fort de la Malmaison, Orme Farm on the plateau to the north of the fort, Bois de la Garenne in the ravine to the west, Many Farm east of the Pargny-Filain–Chavignon road, due east of Garenne Wood and the east end of Chavignon village. PARKER. [53], In 2018, Michel Goya wrote that the tanks had been more effective than in April and May but were still mechanically unreliable, with a 25 per cent breakdown rate and that the modifications did not alter the mechanical wear on the vehicles. Could somebody point me to the whereabouts of Fort de la Malmaison? Mons | Vézelois | 5285 vom 25. La Malmaison Show map of Hauts-de-France Coordinates: 49°30′59″N 3°58′54″E  /  49.5164°N 3.9817°E  / 49.5164; 3.9817 Coordinates : 49°30′59″N 3°58′54″E  /  49.5164°N 3.9817°E  / 49. On the extreme right flank the French were to stop on the high ground west of Vaudesson. [50] In view of the sacrifices made during the Nivelle Offensive, the headquarters of Army Group German Crown Prince, ordered that a retirement by the six divisions along the Chemin-des-Dames, east of the 5th Guard Division could not begin unless a big French attack was imminent but that preparations were to be made, for the abandonment the ground south of the Ailette and the canal. Mont Chauve | Vaujours | With the defenders of Fruty Quarry cut off, at 6:15 a.m. Marjoulet ordered his troops into the ravines, to capture Mont de Laffaux, encircle Allemant and seize the southern end of the Allemant plateau. East of the reservoir, the valley of the Upper Ailette was visible as far as the Troyon–Laon road. The Chiefs of Staff of the defeated groups were sacked and it was agreed with Army Group German Crown Prince, that the Bunzelwitz Bewegung (Bunzelwitz Manoeuvre) should begin on 26 October. A counter-attack was impossible and it was decided that the area south of the canal, should be retained only as an outpost area, with a main defensive position being established north of the canal and river Ailette, once the remaining artillery had been removed. Parmont | The advance was cautious, due to fear that caves and tunnels had been mined but by the morning of 3 November, the French had advanced on a 21 km (13 mi) front to the south bank of the Ailette. Simultaneous attempts were made to advance on the Ailles Plateau to the west of the spur and to the east, on the evening of 4 September and morning of 5 September. Around Allemant, several machine-gun emplacements held up the advance but before 9: a.m., the 30th Regiment worked its way on to the plateau north of Allemant. Das Fort de la Malmaison (kurzzeitig auch Fort Dumas genannt) in der Gemeinde Chavignon (Département Aisne) war ein Sperrfort des Système Séré de Rivières, das zwischen 1878 und 1882 erbaut wurde.Es gehörte zum Gürtel um den Festen Platz Laon. The Battle of La Malmaison (Bataille de la Malmaison) from 23 to 27 October, was the final French action of the 1917 campaign in the First World War, which had begun with the Nivelle Offensive. [7] By 16 May, the British had captured 254 German guns but had not broken through. Publié le 23 octobre 2017 par Catherine Videlaine. Chelles | With the 43rd Division, it was to secure the north end of the Malmaison Plateau, the slopes and the ravines descending from it to Chavignon. Much of the German artillery was south of the canal, from Pinon to Pargny and was cramped for space in patches of woodland, so far back that only long-range fire could reach beyond the French front line. Sartelles | Catinat du Larmont | The 27th Division had reached Giraffe Trench, the Laffaux–Pinon ravine and was on the heights beyond the ravine west of Vaudesson. Flor de Vetus 2017. [e] Sporadic felling of fruit trees and demolitions either side of the Ailette, which had been seen by French airmen before the battle, became frequent and a pall of black smoke from fires, drifted over the plain. About seven infantry regiments and much of the artillery had been lost. +/-La Malmaison Amifontaine, Lor, Nizy-le-Comte, Prouvais, Proviseux-et-Plesnoy, Sissonne és Villers-devant-le-Thour községekkel határos.Népesség. The Siegfriedstellung had the potential to release the greatest number of troops and construction began on 27 September 1916. The village fortress of Allemant and other strongpoints lay between the first and second positions. German withdrawal from the Bapaume and Noyon Salients. März 1886 des Kriegsministers Général Boulanger an die Generalkommandanten der Militärregionen; Präsidialdekret vom 21. At Carbine Trench some resistance was encountered, the Zouaves advanced towards the fort, guided by French artillery firing incendiary shells.